Have you heard the Rule of three? This basic principle states that you can survive for:
The shelter rule relates to being in extreme environments, so there certainly are situations where you can survive without shelter for much longer. The other three rules, though, are pretty much universal.
Let’s talk water
Those living in the Willamette Valley are expected to go as much as 400 days without running water. That means more than a year without regular showers, washing hands in our sinks, pouring cups of water from the faucet, running the dishwasher and washing machine, and using a hose for gardening. Agencies are expected to have water stations ready for the public 14 days after the earthquake. Until then, you’ll be on your own! Let me say that one more time. You’ll be on your own. For more information about the image to the right, visit the Oregon Resilience Plan—Executive Summary | February 2013, page 6.
This is why current recommendations from the American Red Cross Cascades Region, the Oregon Office of Emergency Management, and the Washington Emergency Management Division ask that each home store 14 gallons of water per person. Don’t forget to plan on storing water for pets! To name a few others, the Central U.S. Earthquake Consortium, the City of Salem, and Oregon’s Lane County also have fabulous 2-weeks-ready planning guides and challenges to help get you ready.
2 weeks is a great start, but if you can store water for 3 weeks or longer, that’s awesome!! Remember, once you run out, you’ll need to travel (roads may be impassable by car) to water distribution locations (which may be hard to find initially with communication systems down). You’ll need to stand in line for water and carry it back. Neighbors and loved ones may need water early on too.
Here is a presentation by the City of Salem Emergency Manager, Greg Walsh. He discusses ways to store emergency water and I highly recommend taking 30 minutes to watch this! Note that he suggests 1.5 gallons per person per day to be on the safe side.
For what it’s worth, I store my water in 16oz bottles. They eliminate my need to use a cup for each member of my household, which helps cut the need for extra water to wash the cups when my kids inevitably drop them or grab them with dirty hands. If my arm, wrist, or hand is injured in the earthquake, water bottles are easy to open than a large 5-gallon jug. Bottled water slides under beds, stacks in closets, and fits neatly on shelves making it easier to store. It isn’t great for the environment though and may not be the right choice for you for other reasons. Make sure you have at least 1 clean gallon water jug for filling water at the distribution centers when they are up and running.
How much can you expect to spend on water storage? Think of it this way. A quick google search shows the average Starbucks drink = $2.75. The average person visits Starbucks 6 times/month. $2.75 X 6 visits = $16.5/month. Pricing some 32-bottle packages of water at Fred Meyer, a person could have enough water for the full 14 days for $19.18 (roughly the cost of 7 coffees).
Can you give up one month of Starbucks coffee trips per person in your family? (Make coffee at home! I’m not about to ask you to give it up!) If your favorite drinks are more expensive than that $2.75 average, you might only have to give up 4 days of Starbucks per person! It’s worth it!! Think about it. For $20.00 per person in your home, you could be 2-weeks-water-ready! How cool is that??
Today, pick a way to store water and figure out how much you need for your household (I repeat: don’t forget to add water for your pets!). Tomorrow, start storing it! Fill that container or buy that first case. If you have other suggestions, please don’t hesitate to get in touch!